Civilization is regarded as an advanced stage of human cultural development. The period between 4000 BC and 3000 BC was a time when many civilizations were flourishing. The ancient civilizations began near the river banks as rivers provided water for drinking and irrigation. The social life of the Harappan Civilization is discussed below
Social life of the Harappan Civilization
Their Diet: The principal diet of the people consisted of wheat and barley. Rice and dates were also consumed. Milk, vegetables, and fruits were also eaten. Beef, mutton, poultry, turtle, tortoise, river-fish were commonly used.
Their Dress: The Harappan people wore a simple dress. The dress of men constituted two pieces of cloth, the upper garment, was a shawl which was drawn over the left shoulder and under the right arm; the lower garment resembled a modern dhoti. Women used a loin cloth bound by a girdle. Cotton and woolen garments were commonly worn.
Their Ornaments: Both men and women whether rich or poor were fond of wearing ornaments. The ornaments were guided out of gold, silver, copper, and other well-known metals, and precious stones were used for making various ornaments of different designs. Both men and women wore necklaces, finger-rings, and armlets. Women also decorated themselves with a headdress, earrings, bangles, bracelets, gird less, and anklets.
Their Sports and Games: Dicing was a popular game among the people. Marbles and balls were used for games. The Harappan people were fond of music and dancing. Clay-modelling was popular among children. Crude models of men, women, animals and whistles, rattles, and dolls have been found in abundance. People loved hunting and fishing.
The Harappan Civilization is called so because the civilization was first unearthed at Harappa in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. In 1862, Sir Alexander Cunningham noticed the traits of the cities. Read more
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