Two great wars were fought in the twentieth century. Millions of people lost their lives and many more were wounded and disabled. These wars also resulted in the economic depression. Thus, the need for forming a powerful world organization was felt which could prevent any future wars. The United Nations was formed after the end of the Second World War. The General Assembly is the main organ of the United Nations.
The General Assembly of the United Nations
- It is the main organ of the United Nations, and all members of the UN are the members of the General Assembly.
- Each country has one vote. The regular session of the General Assembly begins each year on the third Tuesday of September and continues up till the third week of December. A new President is elected for each new session.
- Decisions on important matters are made by two-thirds majorities of the member nations. These matters include budgetary issues, expulsion of members and admission of new members.
Powers and Functions of the General Assembly
- To make recommendations on the principles of cooperation, while maintaining peace and security.
- To discuss any question related to international peace and security.
- To discuss and make recommendations on any question which may affect the powers and functions of any organ of the United Nations.
- To receive and consider reports from the Security Council and other organs of the United Nations.
- To consider and approve the budget of the United Nations.
- To elect non-permanent members of the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and the Trusteeship Council and to elect the judges of the International Court of Justice.
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The United Nations was formed after the end of the Second World War. The world leaders felt the necessity to establish an organization that would be more powerful than the League of Nations.