What is the basic principle of Collective Responsibility?

The principle of Collective Responsibility implies that the ministers are answerable for all decisions taken by the Cabinet. They cannot publicly criticize or show disagreement with the Cabinet’s decisions. If they cannot define these decisions they have to resign or be liable to dismissal.

Article 75(3) of the Constitution deals with the principle of Collective Responsibility.

The principle of Collective responsibility

  • The decisions taken by the Ministers in cabinet meetings are applicable to all ministers even if their opinion differs from each other.
  • All ministers jointly share the responsibility for the policies of the government. They work as a team and have to defend one another.
  • If a vote of No-Confidence is passed against any of the ministers, the whole ministry has to resign.


Prime Minister and Council of Ministers

India has a parliamentary form of government in which the Prime Minister is the real head of the country. The President is the nominal head who acts on the advice of the Prime Minister. Read more

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