What is meant by Civilization? What are main traits that mark a civilization?

QUESTION: What is meant by Civilization ? What are the main traits which mark a civilization?


What is meant by Civilization?

Civilization is defined as an advanced stage of human cultural development. It implies the use of superior technology and complex economic relationships.

Main traits which mark a Civilization?

There are a number of traits which mark a civilzsation. Some of these are:

  1. Evolution of cities
  2. Surplus food
  3. Division of labour
  4. System of writing
  5. Monumental public buildings
  6. Development of technology.

Also, Read

The Harappan Civilisaion

The Harappan Civilization is called so because the civilization was first unearthed at Harappa in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. In 1862, Sir Alexander Cunningham noticed the traits of the cities. Read more

The Mauryan Empire

The Mauryan Empire is regarded as the first and one of the greatest empires in India. It is called an empire because it annexed and brought several smaller states under its control. Read more

The Mughal Empire

The weakness of the Delhi Sultanate and political disunity thereafter led to the establishment of Mughal rule in India. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur after he defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. Read more

The Medieval India -The Delhi Sultanate

The empire which ruled North India from AD 1206 to AD 1526 was known as the Delhi Sultanate because Delhi was their capital (the seat of their empire) and the kings were known as Sultans. Read more

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