4 Main Consequences of World War 2

The Consequences of World war 2 were

#1 Consequences of World War 2

Defeat of the Axis Powers

The axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan—were defeated in the war. Germany faced the following consequences of the war: o Germany was divided into two zones—West Germany and East Germany. West Germany was administered by Britain, France, and the USA with its capital at Bonn. It followed capitalism. o East Germany was occupied by the Soviet Union with East Berlin as its capital. It followed socialist ideologies. Japan and Italy were not divided into zones, but their military power was considerably reduced. The American army occupied Japan until 1952. After 1952, the Japanese had to administer their own affairs. All territories which were seized by Japan were taken away.

#2 Consequences of World War 2

Formation of the UN

The United Nations was formed in 1945 to maintain international peace and security and to prevent the occurrence of any future wars. The heads of three powerful countries—President Roosevelt of America, Prime Minister Churchill of Britain, and Stalin of the Soviet Union convened a conference of representatives of all nations at San Francisco and drew up the ‘Charter of the United Nations’. This led to the establishment of the United Nations.

#3 Consequences of World War 2

Independence of Many Asian and African Nations

After World War ii, many countries became independent. Some countries which became independent after the war were India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, and Ghana.

#4 Consequences of World War 2

Cold War

USA and Soviet Union had fought together during World War ii. But by the end of the war, ideological differences began to appear between both nations. While the USA was following the capitalist model of the economy, Soviet Union was following communism. This resulted in ideological differences between both countries. Although both countries did not engage in an actual fight with each other, there was uneasy political tension between the two. Both countries followed policies to strengthen themselves and to weaken the other. This period of uneasy tension and political instability is known as the Cold War. Both countries formed alliances and began piling up nuclear weapons. There were economic warfare, propaganda, and proxy wars between the two countries. Although the USA and the Soviet Union never fought a war with each other, they were extremely hostile to the other. Two blocs were formed:

The Democratic and Capitalist Bloc:

It was led by the USA. The bloc comprised Britain, France, Italy, Canada, Australia, Greece, Pakistan, and Turkey. It was also known as the Western Bloc. The countries in this bloc believed in liberal democracy and granting of all rights to the citizens. The Western Bloc criticized the communist ideology.

The Communist Bloc:

This bloc was led by USSR. It was also known as the Eastern bloc of the Soviet Bloc. They criticized the capitalist economy as they believed that it was against the interests of the working and poor classes. Communists also criticized the western style of democracy as they felt that it was meant only for the rich and the upper-middle class. Countries that were part of this bloc were Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania. Thus, a period of uneasy tension followed after the Second World War. However, the effort was made by every country (involved in the politics of the Cold War) not to engage in direct war with a country of the opposing camp.

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