Education in India should be skill-based
In India, education is more about scoring more marks than acquiring an understanding of the concepts taught to students. Students learn to process facts and information but are poorly engaged in the process of learning. However, they seldom learn how to apply what they have learned. Skill-based learning teaches students problem-solving, critical thinking, and interpersonal skills. These help students design a better life for themselves.
Different students have different IQs and interests. Some of them may be good with numbers, some with words, while some might be good with arts and sports. Life skills-based education aims at helping students realize their potential and achieve excellence in their area of expertise.
Knowledge-based education leads to competition among students and brain-wrecking rote learning. This not only destroys a student’s identity but also causes many of them to commit suicide under pressure. Skill-based learning inculcates the values of tolerance and patience in students and teaches them the skills of sociability, money management, and even business management.
Skill-based education is a combination of knowledge and skills and should be encouraged because it produces better individuals.
Education in India should be knowledge-based
Skills such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and developing interpersonal relationships are no doubt important. However, it is equally important to gain knowledge of how to think critically, develop interpersonal relationships and solve problems. Therefore, knowledge-based learning should continue in schools as it forms the foundation for students.
Teaching different life skills to different students will mean a great deal of expenditure. This will be recovered from the students by schools. In a country like India, even today, several children do not have access to basic amenities, leave alone primary education. How will they then afford skill-based education?
Knowledge-based education ensures that all children receive at least basic skills at minimum costs. Skill-based education is applicable only at a higher level when students have absorbed all necessary knowledge. Therefore, education in India should be knowledge-based rather than skill-based.
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We should approach education with the purpose to develop skills rather than string knowledge in our minds. Skill-based education is a combination of knowledge and skills and should be encouraged because it produces better individuals.
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